The year from 2017 – 2018 was a record year for investment in Australian renewable energy. To many, this comes as a surprise, given the uncertainty of federal government policy around emerging renewable technologies.
Many of the primary drivers of the renewable movement are actually at the state level. Each state government has made concrete targets, initiatives and actions as part of the clean energy transition.
- Queensland: 20% renewable target by 2020, 50% by 2030, and net zero emissions by 2050.
- South Australia: 50% renewable energy by 2025 and they are almost there – with 48% renewable energy generation reported in 2017/18
- Australian Capital Territory: legislated, science-based climate targets – 100% renewable electricity by 2020 and zero net-emissions by 2045, prior to 2050.
- Victoria: 40% renewable by 2025, 50% by 2030.
To facilitate the transition into the low-carbon economy, varied forms of supporting programs and schemes have been organised by each state government. Let’s take a look.
National Movement, State Efforts
NSW leads investment
The NSW government is leading the investment race, with $75M going towards the Emerging Energy Program to support the next generation of large-scale electricity and storage projects in the state.
Meanwhile, $7.5M will go to supporting ARENA’s demand response initiatives. A further $30M will be for the Regional Community Energy Program. The program aims to increase renewable energy generation and improve reliability and affordability in regional NSW.
ACT government drives electric vehicles
Vroom vroom! The ACT is moving to reduce EV car registration and to exempt stamp duty from EV purchases.
QLD government looks out for consumers
- Similar to NSW, QLD also provides support to small-scale energy users.
- Bring forward investment on large scale renewable energy projects and transmission network to facilitate the grid connection capacity for more renewable energy integration.
SA government thinks storage
For South Australia, a $50M fund has been created to facilitate new grid-scale storage technologies. $30M demand management trials are also being introduced, as well as subsidies for Home Battery Schemes.
VIC government targets solar
Victoria is dedicating $1.3B to its Solar Home Package initiative, providing rebates and interest-free loans to support solar PV and battery system installations. This will apply for both homeowners and renters.
A ‘Smarter’ Transition
In fact, Smart Energy Expo 2019 was sure to deliver on smart ideas.
Across the country, smart technologies and methods of energy generation, storage and management are increasingly popular.
Firstly, NSW is majorly transforming its energy system and landscape with pumped hydrogen. An innovative approach, pumped hydro is changing the way that electricity is generated and stored.
But, what is pumped hydro?
According to the Department of Planning and Environment, pumped hydro is ‘nature’s battery’. Water is pumped into an upper reservoir using cheaper energy when demand is low, or there is excess renewable energy (e.g. solar and wind). This hydro-electric scheme effectively operates as a large battery, as it can be controlled and operated by man.
WaterNSW also invites private sectors for project proposals on existing state-owned dams for this initiative.
The ACT is to bring hydrogen energy storage technology – investment in its first hydrogen-fuelled car and service station.
The South Australian government is leading the practical game on this with the world’s largest battery and largest virtual power plant (VPP) comprising batteries and solar PV systems on 50k homes. The government is also advancing the development in developing its hydrogen industry.
In Victoria, smart inverters are mandatory under the Solar Home Package to ensure better grid safety and power quality.
Lesson to be Learned
The combination of efforts by various state governments has enabled Australia to meet its 2020 renewable energy target.
This is a huge win already, and a sign that Australia will continue its transition towards low (or zero!) carbon emissions.
The resources to make it happen are already here. But more cooperation and collaboration will certainly maximise their efficient use.
The key moving forward is to:
- Coordinate and integrate investments and actions
- Encourage industry partnerships in finance, developers, universities and research institutes (following the ACT’s example)
- Support best industry practice by leveraging the roles of developers and investors vs. councils and communities (like QLD’s strategy for large-scale project development)
- Promote smart applications of hybrid systems and maximise the advantages of different technologies including renewables (particularly hydrogen) and batteries.
In the words of Scott Hamilton, Strategic Advisory panel member for the Australia-Germany Energy Transition Hub:
“[implementing and developing renewables] is not an ‘either-or’ question. This is an ‘and’ question.“